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Course Desciption

The course is designed to comprise adequate knowledge of the atomic structure, chemical bending and chemical properties of matter. This is an addition to study of colloidal solutions, ionic equilibrium, electrolysis, etc. This knowledge will help students in nuclear medicine and radiographic imaging in proper managing of these chemicals and in applying safety rules and measures. The course comprises topics that deal with Nuclear Medicine Imaging techniques. Through lectures, tutorials, and field visits to relative departments, students would be able to understand the functions and utilization of the behaviors of different organs.

Prerequisit

None.

Course Objectives

By the end of the course, students would be able to safely carry out any investigation in radiography or nuclear medicine with efficiency competency.By the end of the course, students would be able to know the chemistry of radioisotopes and pharmaceuticals used in nuclear medicine and the chemistry of other pharmaceuticals used in radiographic imaging. Students, likewise, would be able to understand the up-take of radiopharmaceuticals by the different organs of the body, and imaging procedures and techniques to detect functions and morphology of these organs.

Topics Covered

Atomic Structure:- The atom: Electron, proton, neutron, atomic number, isotopes, atomic weight, electronic configuration, shells and sub-shells, the four quantum bumvers, the electronic configuration and periodic tables. The Periodic Table:- The periodic law, periodicity in chemical and physical properties, Noble gases and the Octet law, filled and half-filled sub shells. Chemical Bonding: Ionic covalent and coordinate bonds, hybridorbitals. Ionic Equilibrium: Dissociation (Ionization) of week acids and bases of the dissociation, dissociation of water and the ph. Complexes: Colloida Solutions Introduction of Radiochemistry Chemistry of some elements of importance in nuclear medicine (Tc, Ga, and 1) and in radiographic imaging phenidones, hydroquinones, the halogens, sodium thiosulphate, etc. - Classification of organic compounds (aliphatic and aromatic ) and the different functional groups (hydrocarbons, alcohol, phenols, aldeydes, ketones, ethers, amines, acids, acid halides, esters, amides, acid anhdrides. - The important reactions of the above organic compounds. Introduction to reaction mechanism (Markovnikov's Rule). - Acetals and ketals (Preparations). - IUPAC Nomenclature of organic compounds. - Isomerism: Structural and stereo-with emphasis on geometrical and optical isomerism.

Class/Laboratory Schedule

Tuoturials,

Computer Applications

None.