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Course Desciption

The course gives abroad overview of the basic elements contained in the course. It is designed to extend the student's knowledge of anatomy in those areas relevant to the Practice of diagnostic radiography, sonography, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy. Students would be taught to locate the human body structures by their surface markings.


(1) Dean, (Basic Anatomy and Physiology for Radiographers) Blackwell Scientific pub . London. (2) O' Rahilly, (basic Anatomy: A Regional Study of Human Structure's). (3) Ross, (Founded on Anatomy and Physiology), 4th ed. New York. (4) Warwick , (Gray's Anatomy), 35th ed Longman. (5) Last, (Anatomy Regional and Applied), 6th ed. ELBS.

Course Objectives

To enable the student to relate the anatomical structures of the human body to imaging techniques.

Topics Covered

General Anatomical Terms:- Anatomical posture, sagittal plane, coronal plane, transverse, distal, medial lateral, proximal, inferior, abduction, adduction, etc. Regions of the Body Abdomen, pelvis, chest, skull, limbs, etc. Description of a Typical Animal Cell Cell mitosis, meiosis, genes, etc. Sex Cells, ova and spermatozoa. Fertilization of the ovum, broad line of embryonic Development , primary embryonic layers Structure of General Tissues Epithelium, simple and complex epithelia, gland, skin, connective tissue, fibrous tissue, cartilage, bone, haversian system. Blood: numbers and types of blood cells, blood clotting. Muscle Tissue : Involuntary and cardiac muscle Nerve Tissue The Nature of Neoplasm Common benign tumors and their dissemination. Bones, Joints, and the locomotors system Macroscopic types of bones general description of bones, main processes and attachments (including the skull with emphasis on the skull as a whole) macroscopic development of bones as a whole (chronology unnecessary), primary and secondary bone centers diaphysis, epiphysis. Position and function of main muscles and muscle groups, structure of a function of main muscles and muscle groups, structure of a typical joint, general description of the main joints. Thorax and Abdomen Structure and function of the heart, pericardium, Peripheral vascular system, names of main arteries and veins, circulation. Respiratory System Nasal passages and accessory nasal sinuses, pharynx and larynx, trachea, bronchial and lungs, Pleura Nature and function of respiration.

Class/Laboratory Schedule

Tuotorials, Demonistration.

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